Space Systems as the Weakest Link


  • Sławomir Dygnatowski Military University of Aviation in Dęblin


Although it is widely believed that the space sector is one of the pillars of national security, in practice cosmic systems exist somewhat outside the area of critical infra-structures discussion. Cybersecurity of space systems does not differ significantly from industrial cybersecurity, however, the uniqueness of the sector and space technologies means that its vulnerability to digital incidents depends on a number of factors that does not occur anywhere else. The purpose of the article is to defend the thesis that space systems are the weakest link in critical infrastructure systems, because the level of their cybersecurity is still disproportionate to the level of their technological ad-vancement.

Author Biography

Sławomir Dygnatowski, Military University of Aviation in Dęblin

Lieutenant General Pilot (retired) PhD Sławomir DYGNATOWSKI graduate from the Air Force Officers’ School in Dęblin in the field of aviation and the General Staff Academy of the Polish Army in the field of Air Defense of the Country. In addition, he completed a course at the NATO Defense Academy in Rome for Flag Officers. At the Air Force Institute of Technology he received the PhD in technical sciences.
During military service, he performed duties from a fighter pilot through the positions of commander of the 1st Fighter Air Regiment, commander of the 1st Tactical Aviation Brigade, head of training of the 2nd Air Defense Corps, chief of staff of the Air Force Command and Air Defense to the position of commander of the Air Operations Center. After leaving the Air Force, he fulfilled tasks as deputy commander of the Armed Forces Operations and in recent years was the Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Army.
After finishing military service, he was an advisor at the Ministry of National Defense for three years and to date he devotes himself to training young air personnel at the Military University of Aviation in Dęblin.


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How to Cite

Dygnatowski, S. (2021). Space Systems as the Weakest Link. Advances in Military Technology, 16(1), 133–147. Retrieved from



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